Can chewing tobacco cause infertility in men?

Can chewing tobacco cause infertility in men?

increase low sperm count


  1. Can chewing tobacco/smoking make you infertile… no

    Can it reduce the number of usable sperm.. a little.

  2. Although nicotine does appear to have negative effects on sperm production, I am not aware of evidence suggesting that nicotine use in a man adversely affects the viability of the fetus or causes birth defects. The most significant concern is that your partner's use of tobacco may diminish the viability of his sperm and make it more difficult for you to conceive. What I am saying does not apply to women who smoke or chew tobacco during pregnancy – in this situation we know that tobacco use probably contributes to an increased incidence of miscarriages and fetal abnormalities.

    Int J Androl 1996 Dec;19(6):323-37

    Smoking and male reproduction: a review.
    Vine MF

    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7400, USA.

    Because of the large number of men worldwide who smoke and the fact that cigarette smoke contains known mutagens and carcinogens, there has been concern that smoking may have adverse effects on male reproduction. A review of the epidemiological literature indicates that cigarette smoking is associated with modest reductions in semen quality including sperm concentration, motility and morphology. The associations between male smoking and sperm concentration and motility are stronger among studies of 'healthy' men (e.g. volunteers and sperm donors) than among men from infertility clinic populations. Smoking has also been associated with alterations in hormone levels in males, for example increases in the levels of oestrone and oestradiol. Despite modest reductions in semen quality and altered hormone levels among smokers compared to non-smokers, studies have not shown a reduction in male fertility in association with paternal smoking. There is some evidence to suggest that paternal smoking is associated with congenital anomalies and childhood cancer (with ORs in positive studies generally < 2.0). Smoking has not been shown to be mutagenic to human spermatozoa, although studies have been small and have had methodological shortcomings. It is concluded that, although smokers as a group may not experience reduced fertility, men with marginal semen quality who wish to have children may benefit from quitting smoking, since several small studies indicate the potential for improved semen quality after quitting smoking. More research on the benefits of quitting smoking among men with marginal semen quality is needed. Methodological improvements in studies aimed at clarifying the association between paternal smoking and reproductive and developmental outcomes in offspring should include obtaining accurate paternal smoking dose information, evaluating smoking exposure information in relation to various time windows (e.g. prior to conception, during gestation), and controlling for potential confounders and modifying factors such as age and maternal smoking habits. More sensitive and specific laboratory assays and increased sample sizes are required to establish whether smoking induces mutations in human spermatozoa.

    For a lot more information about tobacco dependence and smoking cessation, check out my Ask DrSteve web site, conveniently hyperlinked below. Good luck!

    Steve Adelman, M.D. (a.k.a. DrSteve)

    This information is for general medical education purposes only. Please consult your physician for diagnostic and treatment options pertaining to your specific medical condition.

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