can you suggest the right % a man should have?
It only takes one sperm to make a baby.
I would think he still could…after all, only one sperm is necessary to fertilize an egg!
At least 20 million sperms are needed to have a pregnancy. In a sperm analysis besides sperm count, sperm forms and sperm motility. You cannot produce a child having 5% sperm motility. You need at least 50% motility to impregnate. I suggest you consult your urologist. If your work environment has elevated temperatures as in ship mechanics, this may affect the sperm quality. One advise is to lower temperatures by placing ice packs in the genital area intermittently during the day. Infections can also affect quality. Good luck.
The short answer is yes.
The long answer below:
The normal sperm motility is around 50%. So, 5% motility does significantly reduce the chance of conceiving (relative to average male); but it doesn't mean it is impossible (just much lower probability). The other two important factors are sperm count and morphology.
Focusing only on sperm count as an example, if the sperm count is high (say 80 million sperms per ml) but motility is low at 5% motility (so 80 million x 5% = 4 million motile sperms) is the same as a person with much lower sperm count (say 20 million sperms) and higher motility say 20% (20 million x 20% = 4 million motile sperms). And that is 4 million motile sperm per millilitre (semen volume is usually at least 2ml), so have almost 8 million per ejaculation in this example. Just takes 1 good motile sperm of the 8 million motile sperms to swim and conceive.
There are many different supplements that can be taken to improve sperm count / motility / morphology – FertiAid, Omega369, ArginMax, etc. Also, with IUI / IVF, the chances can obviously be significantly improved. So, the long answer is yes as well.
You may require medical help to concieve.
It is best to talk to your fertility expert as there is more then just sperm motility that has to be taken into account.
Sperm count is an important factor of consideration where male fertility is considered. While it actually takes only a single sperm to fertilize an egg, having just a single sperm count guarantee fertilization.
Semen is a white or grey liquid that is ejaculated from the tube in your penis when you reach a climax after sexual excitement and/or intercourse. You have a normal sperm count if there are at least 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen. In order to be able to conceive, at least 60% of these sperm should have a normal shape and move forward normally (i.e. have motility).
However these are ideal numbers and men with
low sperm count have also fathered children just as men with higher sperm counts have failed. The best way to determine if you have a low sperm count is to get a medical evaluation. You can consult an urologist for this evaluation as they are skilled in the process. Most urologists would also be able to recommend appropriate therapy where required.
Semen is purely a transportation medium to carry the sperm into the female reproductive system; in other words it is meant only for reproduction. While semen ejaculation comes about as a result of orgasm and sexual excitement, erection and orgasm are two separately controlled mechanisms. Semen ejaculation is not compulsory for enjoyable sex.
Sperm count may be caused by a number of reasons including:
(a) Age: While it is not clear how age affects male fertility, there is growing evidence it is a key player. Most men below 39 tend to have the necessary sperm count of more than 60% with the numbers falling to slightly over half after this age.
(b) Temporary or lifestyle related causes such as:
1. Emotional stress: When you are stressed, it caused hormonal changes in your body which is believed to interfere with sperm counts.
2. Sexual issues: If you are facing sexual issues like intercourse problems or technique or differences with your partner about the way you have intercourse, you may suffer from a lower sperm count.
3. Lubricants used: Sperm counts can also be affected by use of lubricants like spermicides, oils and Vaseline. You should try to use a sperm friendly lubricant.
(c) Testicular exposure to extreme heat: Sperm count may temporarily fall if your testicles are exposed to higher temperatures, such as during fever, in a sauna or hot tubs. Fertility might also be impaired due to heat exposure at work.
(d) Substance abuse and addictions: Your sperm count can drop by as much as 50% on account of heavy use of drugs like marijuana and cocaine. There are receptors in the sperm for certain compounds in marijuana that resemble natural substances. These substances can impair the spermâ€™s motility and the ability to penetrate the egg.
(e) Smoking: Smoking is known to lower sex drives and causes addicts to have less frequent sex. Moreover it can also reduce sperm count, sperm motility and the lifespan of the sperm.
(f) Nutrition deficiencies or malnutrition: Low sperm count may also occur due to deficiencies in your diet, especially of certain nutrients like vitamin C, selenium, zinc, and folate.
(g) Obesity: Many studies have found a direct link between obesity and a reduction in sexual drive as well as sperm count and fertility.
(h) Bicycling: Extreme biking has been known to cause impotence in men and also affect the sperm count. The testicles normally get pressurised due to the bicycle seat â€“ this may damage blood vessels and nerves responsible for erections. Off-road terrain biking, which exposes the body to more extreme shocks and vibrations also increases the chances of injuries to the scrotum and thereby sperm production and count.
(i) Genetic and hereditary factors: Genetic factors also play an important role in sperm count and fertility. These factors may be hereditary in nature or environment induced. Inherited factors include Cystic Fibrosis, Klinefelter Syndrome and Kartagener Syndrome.
(j) Environmental factors: Heavy exposure to environment factors like toxins, chemicals, and infections can lead to a lowering in sperm production either on account of direct affects on testicular function or by affecting changes in hormones.
(k) Exposure to heavy metals: Sperm count may also be affected by chronic exposure to heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, or arsenic. These metals have the ability to cause reduced production even in health males. Moreover these metals can affect the motility of the sperm even when present in trace amounts.
(l) Radiation treatment: Radiation treatments and x-rays inhibit any rapidly dividing cells; so testicle cells that produce sperm are bound to be highly sensitive to radiation damage. If by any chance these cells are exposed to heavy levels of radiation, they can be damaged badly and require as long as two years to return to normal sperm production. In extreme circumstances, they may never recover.
(m) Low semen levels: When there is a structural abnormality in the tubes transporting the semen through the penis, it may reduce the amount of semen ejaculated which in turn might lead to a lowered sperm count.
Your low sperm count can be the result of just one of the above factors or a combination of several of them. So it is necessary to get a proper idea about the reason behind your low sperm count and this can only be done through a medical consultation. Only your doctor can decide the best therapy for you in order to increase sperm count.
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